APA Citation Style

Practicing with APA 7 - In-text citations

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What is an in-text citation?

In addition to the reference list at the end of your paper, you will also use in-text citations for the purpose of alerting your reader that you are about to use an idea that came from an outside source.

See the example below from the Penn State University Libraries (done in APA style) to see how in-text citations might appear.

A few researchers in the linguistics field have developed training programs designed to improve native speakers' ability to understand accented speech (Derwing, Rossiter, & Munro, 2002; Thomas, 2004). Their training techniques are based on the research described above indicating that comprehension improves with exposure to non-native speech. Derwing et al. (2002) conducted their training with students preparing to be social workers, but note that other professionals who work with non-native speakers could benefit from a similar program.

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